She is the Director of Kimmelman Center for Biomolecular Assemblies at the Weizmann Inst (WIS), where she is a Professor. In the seventies she established the first structural-biology laboratory in Israel. In parallel, during 1986-2004 she headed Max-Planck-Research-Unit for Ribosome Structure in Hamburg, Germany. Among others, she is a member of US-National; Israel; German Pontificia Accademia-delle-Scienze (Vatican), Korean and holds honorary doctorates from Oslo, NYU, Mount-Sinai, Oxford, Cambridge, Hamburg, Berlin-Technical, Patras, De-La-Salle, Xiamen, Grenoble, Strasbourg, Mendel and Lodz Universities. Her awards include Louisa- Gross-Horwitz; Wolf, Harvey, Israel Prizes; Linus-Pauling Gold Medal; UNESCO/L’Oréal Award; Albert-Einstein Award for Excellence and the Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Her research interests include protein biosynthesis, on the antibiotics hampering this process and on origin of life.